## The Importance of Multiway Systems

It’s all about systems where there can in effect be many possible paths of history. In a typical standard computational system like a cellular automaton, there’s always just one path, defined by evolution from one state to the next. But in a multiway system, there can be many possible next states—and thus many possible paths of history. Multiway systems have a central role in our Physics Project, particularly in connection with quantum mechanics. But what’s now emerging is that multiway systems in fact serve as a quite general foundation for a whole new “multicomputational” paradigm for modeling.

My objective here is twofold. First, I want to use multiway systems as minimal models for growth processes based on aggregation and tiling. And second, I want to use this concrete application as a way to develop further intuition about multiway systems in general. Elsewhere I have explored multiway systems for strings, multiway systems based on numbers, multiway Turing machines, multiway combinators, multiway expression evaluation and multiway systems based on games and puzzles. But in studying multiway systems for aggregation and tiling, we’ll be dealing with something that is immediately more physical and tangible. Continue reading